of the Communist International
To the Workers and
of South America
The Fourth Congress of the Communist International, meeting in Moscow
on the fifth anniversary of the Russian Revolution, calls on all the workers
and peasants of South America to prepare for the class struggle and support
the revolutionary action of the world proletariat.
The role of the United States of America
The European war reprsented the beginning of the final crisis of capitalism.
The conflicts among the international bourgeoisies resulted in the most
terrible slaughter in history for the purpose of deciding which of the
two imperialist groups would impose its hegemony. The proletarians were
sacrificed by the millions on the battlefields for the benefit of capitalism
imperialism, which seeks a solution to the acute crisis that is inevitably
leading it to bankruptcy.
War could not resolve the crisis. The internal crises of European capitalism
have increased and, at the same time, the class struggle has intensified.
The Treaty of Versailles is a source of new conflicts. The proletarian
masses increasingly recognize that only the Revolution can abolish capitalist
antagonisms. The incredible repression to which we are witness today and
the implacable bourgeois offensive point to the critical situation of the
Only North American imperialism increased its power during the war.
The United States is currently the strongest imperialist power. But new
causes for inter-imperialist struggles have appeared since the war. The
antagonisms between North America, England and Japan once again threaten
world peace. Yankee imperialism is growing and laying the bases for future
conflicts that will demand bloody new sacrifices from the working masses.
The United States has become the center of international reaction against
The spread of Yankee imperialism
Yankee imperialism is trying to extend its influence to all the regions
of the world. In Asia, in Africa, on the shores of the Pacific, it is seeking
new spheres of exploitation. It is above all n latin America where United
States imperialism is asserting its domination, whether under a supposedly
economic form or through open political domination. In South America, it
seeks a secure market for its exports, which European capitalism can no
longer assure due to the rotting of its social base.
The Monroe Doctrine allows the North American imperialists to assure
their economic conquest of Latin America. Loans, new investment by North
American capital in industrial, commercial, and financial enterprises,
railroad and shipping concessions, the acquisition of oil field – these
multiple forms of the expansion of Yankee economic penetration – show how
North American capitalism wishes to convert South America into the base
of its industrial power.
Economic precautions also lead the different national bourgeoisies to
intervene in imperialist struggles in Central America, Panama, Colombia,
Venezuela and Peru. The bourgeoisies of all the Americas are laying the
basis for reaction against the proletariat by calling international police
congresses. When the workers of South America oppose the criminal actions
of Yankee capitalism, such as during the trial of Sacco and Vanzetti, the
ruling classes repress these proletarian demonstrations to prove their
self-interested and deliberate submission to the imperialism of the North.
The Pan-American unity of the bourgeoisie is an evident fact, as is ist
objective, the maintenance of class privilege and a regime of oppression.
The duty of the proletariat of South America
Workers and peasants of South America! Capitalist imperialism is introducing
the same international antagonisms into your countries that led to the
bloodiest war and tremendous reaction among the peoples of Europe.It is
time to united the revolutionary forces of the proletariat, since the capitalists
of all the Americas are uniting against the working class.
Comrades, the workers and peasants of South America still lack disciplined
organizations of class struggle and the requisite unity of action. Your
ruling class is supported by the formidable power of the United States
in crushing your efforts, repressing your liberating actions, and preventing
any revolutionary movement of your oppressed masses.
Workers and peasants! The Communist International calls upon you. Do
not forget there are Communists in the United States ready to aid your
revolutionary struggle. The common struggle of the working class of all
the states of the Americas against all the allied American capitalists
is a vital necessity for the exploited class. It is the only road to your
salvation. The heroic example of the Russian Revolution, which is carrying
on a fierce struggle against international capitalism, will help you understand
the destiny that awaits if you remain indifferent while the possessing
class intensifies its capitalist exploitation. Antagonisms within the world
of high finance and industry are intensifying in your countries, and world
imperialist conflicts threaten to drag them, and yourselves, into the slaughter.
Comrades, oppose the bourgeois offensive with proletarian unity. Organize
yourselves and join your revolutionary activity to the actions of the working
class and peasantry of all the Americas and all the countries of the world.
Struggle against your own bourgeoisie and you will be struggling against
Yankee imperialism, which embodies the highest degree of capitalist reaction.
Rally around the banner of the Russian Revolution, which has laid the foundation
of the world proletarian revolution.
Like the Russian Revolution, you should prepare to transform any attempt
at war into an open struggle of the working class against the bourgeoisie.
Likewise, carry your actions against imperialism through to the end, preparing
for proletarian dictatorship that will destroy bourgeois dictatorshipthroughout
the Americas. If you remain divided and disorganized, the American bourgeoisie
will devour you, crush your activities, and intensify capitalist exploitation
by robbing you of your previous achievements. The struggle against your
own bourgeoisie will increasingly become the struggle against world imperialism
and a battle of all the exploited against all the exploiters.
Comrades! Organize Strengthen your Communist parties and create them
where they do not already exist. Join your actions to those of the Communists
of all the Americas. Organize the struggling proletariat into the Red International
of Labor Unions and create sections of the Communist International and
the Red International of Labor Unions throughout the Americas.
Long live the Red International of Labor Unions! Long live the Communist
International! Long live Soviet Russia! Long live the revolutionary proletariat
of America and the world revolution!
Fourth Congress of the Communist International
Moscow, November 1922