Bring Down the Bourgeoisie Through Workers Revolution!
No to the Bailout of the Capitalist Speculators!
Down with the Dictatorship of Finance Capital!
Gold reserves in the Federal Reserve Bank
of New York. Since 1971, the American dollar is no longer backed by
gold but only by confidence in the U.S. How long will that last?
In the last two weeks, the financial crisis that has been heating up since early 2007 reached the boiling point. Credit markets have virtually stopped functioning. A full-blown panic has swept through stock markets worldwide. The capitalist economy is in the throes of a recession that could turn into a Depression lasting for years. Unemployment lines are swelling as almost 800,000 jobs have been eliminated in the last ten months. Foreclosures have thrown more than a million households out of their homes in the space of a year. The incomes of working people are falling sharply. And meanwhile the U.S. imperialists are waging a war without end, pillaging countries from Iraq and Afghanistan to the Philippines and Latin America, demanding that the world bow to their diktat.
In these dire economic straits, the Wall Street speculators who set off this crisis are demanding that the government rescue them with a bailout priced at $700 billion. The actual costs will be far higher, possibly a trillion dollars or more. The bankers are holding the economy hostage. The Bush regime holds a figurative gun to the head of Congress, threatening that if it doesn’t come up with the ransom there will be a financial meltdown and the entire world economy will grind to a halt. Their doomsday scenario has added credibility as the capitalist financial system has practically frozen up. Yet there is no indication that this huge bribe will restart the credit markets any more than the hundreds of billions of dollars already injected into the banking system by the Fed have.
The Republican administration has been treading a fine line. On the one hand they want to pretend that all is needed is minor “corrections” to a basically healthy economy. On the other hand, they threaten that if their program isn’t passed there will be financial Armageddon. In the aftermath of the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy, Republican presidential candidate John McCain said “the fundamentals of our economy are strong.” Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson declared, “the long-term economic fundamentals of the United States are sound.” As one economics pundit declared, “There is a rule of thumb that when the government proclaims the fundamentals are good, you should sell” (New York Times, 16 September). And if they declare that the “long-term” fundamentals are A-OK, that means big trouble in the short-term and you should sell now. Which is what investors did, sending the Dow Jones and NASDAQ indexes plummeting.
government wants to frighten the general population and browbeat
approving its giant boondoggle by bandying about the specter of a new
Depression. Their line is vote for the Wall Street bailout this week,
It has many people scared stiff because on Main Street the economic
crisis is already
here, and has been for months. But voting a giveaway of hundreds of
the banks isn’t going to stop anyone from being evicted from their
homes or get
any jobs for the jobless.
Meanwhile, the Democrats are pushing hardest for the Bush bailout of the banks. It is not for nothing that New York Democrat Chuck Schumer is known as “the senator from Wall Street,” and that vice-presidential Democratic candidate Joe Biden of Delaware was dubbed “the senator from MBNA,” the giant credit card company that was sold to Bank of America a couple of years ago. Likewise, today it is the Democratic majority in Congress that keeps funding the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.
Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama blames “greed and irresponsibility” for the crisis on Wall Street (capitalism without greed?) and says there must be no “blank check to Washington” to resolve it. Democratic Senate majority leader Harry Reid repeats that Congress must not grant President Bush a “blank check” with the $700 billion bailout. He says the Democrats will “do what is necessary,” but they want some conditions. They are asking for an “oversight board” to supervise the operation, plus allowing bankruptcy judges to impose new loan terms in foreclosure proceedings, getting a stake in the banks in exchange for taking bad debts off their hands, and putting some limits on salaries of executives whose firms get handouts from the U.S. Treasury.
Marching in step, the New York City Central Labor Council called an “emergency mobilization press conference” in Manhattan’s financial district on September 25, under the slogan “No Blank Check for Wall Street.” The CLC’s seven-point program is a rehash of the Congressional Democrats’ conditions, including “aggressive public oversight” of the bailout, “stop the CEO party train,” use “financial and legal tools to stop home foreclosures,” “repeal the Bush tax cuts,” etc. AFL-CIO chief John Sweeney got in on the act with a letter to the U.S. Senate saying that any bailout plan must “address the disastrous weaknesses in our financial regulatory system.”
Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson opposes any conditions, saying this could “limit market participation” – i.e., the banks would prefer to keep the worthless loans on their books and refuse to resume lending. But in very short order, they will come to a deal. Any conditions attached will be toothless, just sugar coating to make the bitter pill more palatable. The “independent” board proposed by Democrat Barney Frank to oversee the bailout is to consist of the heads of the Federal Reserve Board, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the Securities and Exchange Commission plus two “outside” financial “experts” appointed by Democratic and Republican Congressional leaders. Regardless of what hat they are wearing, this commission will consist of Wall Street bankers. The “regulators” will regulate themselves. Some “independence”!
Moreover, the cause is not “lax regulation,” as the Democrats pretend. The crisis has hit the commercial banks as well, which are the most heavily regulated sector of the U.S. economy. The problem is not “free market fundamentalism” or “neo-liberalism” but capitalism. And even if Congress were able to legislate some or all of the Democrats’ riders, the bailout is still a mammoth payoff to the capitalist speculators. Many people understand this, if only instinctively. At the September 25 financial district labor demo, workers in hard hats were chanting “No bailout for Wall Street,” which was definitely not the program of the AFL-CIO chiefs.
While the fat cats, Democrats and bureaucrats are all going for the Bush bailout to prop up U.S. capitalism, revolutionary Marxists oppose this trillion-dollar giveaway to the Wall Street speculators. No matter what “reforms” are tacked onto it, this giant bribe to finance capital is a crime against the working class, which is already suffering from rising unemployment and falling incomes. Instead of subsidizing the banks, we call for the expropriation of the financiers and the whole of the banking system the only way possible: through a workers revolution.
The Diktat of Finance Capital
The bailout lays bare the workings of capitalist “democracy,” right in the middle of the election campaign. It makes clear that whichever candidate wins, it is Wall Street that is calling the shots. The bank rescue plan would make the Treasury Secretary into a dictator, with $700 billion to throw around at his sole discretion. The administration’s brief (2 ½ page) proposal is a blueprint for the naked dictatorship of finance capital undisguised by the usual trappings of Congressional votes. According to the original wording, “Decisions by the secretary pursuant to the authority of this act are non-reviewable and committed to agency discretion, and may not be reviewed by any court of law or any administrative agency.”
Appointing the Treasury Secretary in charge of “regulating” the banks is putting the fox in the chicken coop. When Henry Paulson told Congress that “all we care about” is “the American taxpayer,” it provoked snickers in the audience. That has about as much credibility as the banks’ automated announcements that “your call is important to us” as you wait on line endlessly to talk to a real person. Paulson is the former head of Goldman Sachs, the one independent investment bank left standing. Another Goldman Sachs alumnus is White House spokesman Josh Bolton. And it’s not just the Republicans. The leading contributor to the presidential campaign of Democrat Barack Obama is . . . Goldman Sachs. And the Secretary of the Treasury under the Democratic administration of Bill Clinton was Robert Rubin, the former chairman of Goldman Sachs, who is currently head of Citigroup and one of Obama’s main economic advisors. Some “democracy”!
The scope of this giveaway to the capitalist bankers is enormous. The $700 billion price tag is equal to the entire cost of the Iraq war. It comes on top of $565 billion already budgeted or handed out to Wall Street this year ($200 billion Federal Reserve loan program in exchange for mortgage-backed securities; $30 billion to JPMorgan for the takeover of Bear Stearns; $200 billion for the federal takeover of the Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac mortgage guarantors; $85 billion for the takeover of the AIG insurance giant; $50 billion to shore up money market funds) plus unlimited borrowing rights for top investment banks from the Fed’s “discount window.” But all that didn’t get the banks to start lending, and there is nothing to indicate the infusion of another trillion or so dollars will work either.
In return for taking over “toxic” mortgage-based securities, the future of all sorts of social programs will be mortgaged. The enormous cost of the bank bailout will be used to nix spending for education, health care and other needs. Meanwhile, the ballooning federal debt is set to exceed $1 trillion this year and the bailout plan includes increasing the limit for the accumulated national debt to over $11 trillion dollars. This has already sent jitters through the international “financial community.” On Monday, the U.S. dollar suffered the biggest drop against the euro since 2001. Investors are worried that with Washington pumping so many billions into the economy, it will stoke inflation and reduce the value of their dollar holdings.
For years, the United States economy has been fueled by enormous subsidies from the East Asian state banks which have bought up Treasury bills to cover the federal government’s budget deficits and the U.S.’ over $600 billion yearly international trade deficits. If the financial crisis sets off a stock market crash and a run on the commercial banks, it would be accompanied by a stampede on the American dollar, which since 1971 is sustained only by the confidence of the world’s central bankers who see holding greenbacks as a haven of stability. Once that confidence is gone, the whole house of cards could come tumbling down. The “meltdown” of the financial system could set off a “nuclear winter” in the global capitalist economy.
“Do You Still Believe in Capitalism?”
The mushrooming financial crisis has raised fundamental questions. The New York Times (20 September) recently published an article advising readers on what to do with “Your Money,” where it wrote that in order to minimize risk, “Before you do anything with your portfolio, ask yourself this: Do you still believe in capitalism?” The Times editorialized that the bank crisis was due to “unfettered capitalism.” But what is their alternative? Like the Democratic Party politicians and union leaders, what they want is essentially “fettered capitalism.” But “regulating” the markets hasn’t stopped the boom-bust cycle of capitalism before, and it won’t do so now.
Free-market ideologues like to quote the Austrian economist Joseph Schumpeter on the “creative destruction” unleashed by capitalism on outmoded economic structures. But today, as the wages and living standards of the working people are being steadily eroded, as social programs are drastically slashed, there is nothing creative about the destruction unleashed by the would-be masters of the universe. This is capitalism in decay, in its imperialist epoch of wars and revolutions. The only thing changed by “globalization” is to speed up the spread of economic crises internationally.
There is a lot of loose talk today about “socialism for the rich,” particularly among right-wing Republicans (but also among some gullible leftists) objecting to the bailout. Among the financial wizards about to be laid off at Lehman Brothers there was gallows humor about the “People’s Republic of Wall Street.” But what is being proposed as a solution to the crisis in the center of world high finance has nothing to do with socialism. It is closer to the kind of corporatist regimentation of capitalism associated with Mussolini’s Italy.
and reality, unemployment line 1937.
And it goes hand-in-hand with the escalating elimination of democratic rights The rulers are ramming through the bank bailout with the same sort of scare tactics they used to enact the U.S.A. PATRIOT Act in the wake of the 11 September 2001 attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. The result was a wholesale attack on immigrants, leading to the present Gestapo-like raids by the ICE immigration police, as well as warrantless government surveillance of millions of citizens that throws supposed Constitutional guarantees out the window. The latest “security plan” for New York, the “Lower Manhattan Security Initiative,” calls for a “ring of steel” around Wall Street, with mobile teams of heavily armed police and TV cameras at all street and subway entrances to the financial district so that they can scan the faces of everyone who enters the citadel of high finance. So demonstrate on Wall Street while you still can!
This is not the first time that the ruling class has resorted to corporatist measures to shore up the tottering mainstays of U.S. capitalism. In the 1930s, Democrat Franklin Delano Roosevelt set up a number of quasi-government bodies in conjunction with corporate leaders under the aegis of the National Recovery Administration. According to liberal mythology, it was FDR’s Keynesian deficit financing, bank regulation and NRA corporatism that pulled the U.S. out of the Great Depression. But the reality is very different. The first post-1929 depression was followed by a second sharp downturn in the late 1930s, and it was only World War II that finally reduced the massive unemployment set the industrial economy running at full steam.
Today as well, the roiling financial crisis that has hit stock markets and banks around the world points ultimately to a new imperialist war. The war on Afghanistan and Iraq likewise sets the basis for a world conflagration. The U.S.’ aim in the Near East is not to grab Iraq’s oil for its own use, but to control the production and distribution of this vital commodity in order to dominate their imperialist allies and rivals in Europe and Japan. Washington wants its hand on the oil spigot, and its “allies” are becoming restive. Speaking at the United Nations, French president Nicholas Sarkozy described the present U.S.-dominated financial system as “insane.” Ultimately, the war in the Near East, the financial crisis on Wall Street, the assault on democratic rights and the attack on the jobs and living standards of working people are all part of the same class war by the U.S. imperialist rulers pointing to a thermonuclear World War III.
Not a Bank Bailout But Socialist Revolution
It has become a commonplace in the last week to call this the biggest economic crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. Some bourgeois economists are calling it the financial crisis of the century. In any case, it is far from over. Than Wall Street panic is only a step away from turning into a full-scale stock market crash, which would reverberate throughout the world. The banks are sitting on trillions of dollars which they are refusing to lend because they don’t know how exposed the other banks are to bad loans and they don’t know how much of their own mortgage-backed securities, credit default swaps and various derivatives are at risk. And as of last June the Standard & Poor’s 500 corporations (excluding the banks) have at least $650 billion in cash on hand (Financial Times, 24 August). Yet they are asking working people to foot the bill for rescuing the banks through their taxes.
In the late 1930s, the Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky put forward a Transitional Program to “help the masses in the process of the daily struggle to find the bridge between present demands and the socialist program of the revolution. This bridge should include a system of transitional demands, stemming from today’s conditions and from today’s consciousness of wide layers of the working class and unalterably leading to one final conclusion: the conquest of power by the proletariat.” In the present crisis, class-conscious workers should fight for workers commissions to open the books of the financial corporations to see what the stock market speculators and bankers have been up to. In the face of escalating unemployment and inflation, they should fight for a sliding scale of wages and hours, to share the available work among all hands and to raise workers’ pay so that it isn’t ravaged by inflation. There should be a massive program of public works under union control.
protest on Wall Street, September 25, pushed reformist illusions. A
main slogan was, “No deal
for Wall Street, New Deal for Main Street.” FDR's New Deal didn't end
1930s Depression, imperialist world war did.
In New York City, instead of trying to prettify the bank bailout, the unions should be preparing to strike against the multi-million dollar cuts that billionaire mayor Bloomberg has announced. This requires a fighting alliance with the black and Latino population in the ghettos and barrios, with immigrants, unorganized workers and students in the vast City University system. Such a class struggle would win support even from sections of the hard-pressed middle class. Labor has the power, as the 2005 New York transit strike demonstrated, to bring the city to a crawl. But to use that power requires a genuine “emergency mobilization” to rip up the anti-labor, no-strike Taylor Law.
Various opportunist left-wing groups have seized upon the bailout issue to push their schemes to answer the financial crisis within the framework of capitalism. The Party for Socialism and Liberation (PSL), for instance, has set up a new website, votenobailout.org, where it declares: “instead of taking our tax dollars and giving it [sic] to the already rich and powerful, these funds should be used to provide ... decent-paying jobs, affordable housing, health care and a good education for our children.... Click here to send your letter to Congress.” This is the latest version of the “jobs not war,” “education not occupation,” ploy that all the reformists push. But the present financial crisis shows precisely that it is not a question of budget priorities. Even if there were no war or financial crisis, the ruling class is not going to pay for decent jobs, health care or education for the working people.
Curiously, the International Socialist Organization (ISO) editorializes that “now that the U.S. government has carried out several quasi-nationalizations” like Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, “why shouldn’t the public owner of these companies insist on a moratorium on foreclosures” (Socialist Worker, 19 September).
The Socialist Equality Party (SEP), for its part, “propose[s] that the major banks and financial institutions be nationalized and turned into public utilities, operated under the democratic control of the working population.” And how is this to be accomplished? The SEP opposes unions and does not call for the mobilization of the organized workers movement. Instead it calls to support its candidates in the elections. Click to send a letter to Congress, convince “publically owned” (capitalist) corporations to stop foreclosures, pull a lever to vote for some pseudo-socialist: these nostrums peddle the illusion that something can be done about the financial crisis within the framework of bourgeois democracy (of which there is precious little these days).
it is necessary to mobilize the power of the workers in sharp class
That underscores the burning need to break with the Democrats and all
capitalist parties (including such pressure groups as the Greens and
Families Party,” which is nothing but the Democratic Party in
disguise). To do
so requires throwing out the pro-capitalist bureaucrats who tie labor
to the Democrats
and who today are trying to prop up the Wall Street banks, with
What is urgently needed is a struggle to forge a revolutionary workers
with the program to bring down the rotting capitalist edifice and open
to genuine socialism through international workers revolution. ■
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